Pilotage services in Brazil
Pilotage services are mandatory in Brazil: any and all vessels that enter and leave a Brazilian port must be assisted by a pilot. Federal Law 9,432/1997, which establishes the general rules for waterway transportation in Brazil, states that pilotage is an essential service and shall be permanently available (Section 14). Pilots are qualified by public entrance examinations conducted by the Brazilian Maritime Authority (Diretoria de Portos e Costas – DPC), and must not refuse to provide services, at risk of having their licences removed (Section 15, Law 9,432/1997). The DPC regulates provision of pilotage services in Brazilian territorial waters. All these features bring a strong quality of public service to pilotage in Brazil.
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This article first appeared on the website of the Maritime and Transport Law Committee of the Legal Practice Division of the International Bar Association, and is reproduced by kind permission of the International Bar Association, London, UK. © International Bar Association.